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"British Wildlife is the pulsating heart of the UK nature conservation movement"

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"Packed with readable, thoughtful, up to date articles; written by ecologists and naturalists for ecologists and naturalists"

Nick Baker, Presenter and Naturalist

From issue:   Issue:   British Wildlife 33.4 February 2022

Heavy-metal habitats: calaminarian grassland in Gwydyr Forest Mines SAC

By - Caroline Bateson

Named after the zinc ore ‘calamine’, calaminarian grassland is often associated with old mining works and describes the habitat that develops over metal-rich rocks and spoil. With a focus on Gwydyr Forest Mines SAC in Snowdonia National Park in Wales, Caroline Bateson describes the wildlife characteristic of this habitat, its history, and raises important considerations for the future management of this special site. 

Above and to the north-west of the popular village of Betws-y-Coed, in Snowdonia National Park, are steep, forestry-clad slopes. I had driven along the A5 and up the tiny mountain road behind Ty Hyll (the Ugly House) on many occasions, without knowing about the unusual habitat bearing the name calaminarian grassland, concealed behind the dark green stands of conifers.

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"British Wildlife is the pulsating heart of the UK nature conservation movement."

Matthew Oates, National Trust

"The most important and informative publication on wildlife of our times"

Michael McCarthy, The Independent

"Packed with readable, thoughtful, up to date articles; written by ecologists and naturalists for ecologists and naturalists"

Nick Baker, Presenter and Naturalist