British Wildlife 20.5sup June 2009

A speculative history of open-country species in Britain and northern Europe

Why are so many animal and plant species in Britain and in some other parts of northern Europe restricted to open habitats when the majority of the landscape would naturally be forested? I argue that the predominance of open-country species is chiefly a consequence of the history of glaciation in Europe, but that the current distributions of species are largely shaped by human activities.

What larger mammals did Britain have and what did they do? Large-scale nature development – the Oostvaardersplassen
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